新视野大学英语读写教程(第三版)Book2 Unit 3课文讲解 联系客服

judgment合理的;切合实际的;明智的

It would be sensible to take an umbrella with you since there are dark clouds in the sky.因为天空已乌云密布,你带一把伞是明智的。

Usage NOTE

Sensible, sensitive

1 sensible表示?明智的?,如:a sensible person(一个明智的人),a sensible

plan(一个切合实际的计划)。A sensible person makes good decisions and judgments based on reason rather than

emotion.一个明智的人会根据理智而不是情感来作出合理的决定和判断。

2sensitive在词义上表示“敏感的;易受影响的”。例如: A sensitive person is

easily upset by others people?s remarks or

behavior.敏感的人很容易因他人的言论或行为而生气。 Sensitive to表示“对…过敏的;对…理解的”。例如:

Unfortunately, she is sensitive to penicillin, and I doubt whether any other drug will help her.不幸地是,他对青霉素过敏,我不能确定是否有其他药物可以帮助他。 We?re trying to make people more sensitive to the difficulties faced by working mothers.我们正在努力使人们更理解上班族妈妈所面临的困难。

7Then during this career they would start a family, ideally before they turned

30(Para.3)

Meaning: While working on their career, they would get married to start their own family, preferably by age 30.

8 Today we have an equivalent need to recognize a new phase of life comes after high

school graduation, continues through college, and then leads to starting a family and having a career, the so-called odyssey years.(Para.4)

Meaning: Today we are also required to recognize a new life stage which starts from high school graduation through college till they settle down with with a family and a career.This new phase might be called the odyssey years,the years of self-discovery. equivalent:

a. Having the same value, purpose, job, etc, as a person or thing of a different kind 等值的;同等的;相当的

His silence is equivalent to an approval.他的沉默等于同意.。

n.[C]sth. That is too expensive for me; it costs the equivalent of a whole year?s salary of mine.这辆车对我来说太贵了,它相当于我去全年的工资。

so-called: a.(only before noun) used to show that sth. or sb. Is usu. called a particular name如此称呼的;号称的

They?ve found the flight recorder, the so-called black box.他们发现了飞行记录器,即所谓的黑匣子。

9Recent trends show radical changes as young people are following a different agenda.

(Para.4)

Meaning: As young people are living a different lifestyle, the society has gone through tremendous changes.

Meaning beyond words: Young people tend to behave rebelliously, which is contrary to the traditional way and beyond the expectations of their parents. radical:a.

1)used fore saying that a change or way of doing sth. is new and very different from the usual way(改变或方式)彻底的,根本的

2) To work within our budget, we need to make some radical changes to our operating procedures.为了配合预算,我们对操作程序需要一些根本的改变。

2)used for saying that an idea is very new and different, and against what most people think or believe激进的;前卫的

There is political tension between radical and conservation politicians.激进与保守的政客之间的政治关系紧张。

agent:n.[C] all the things that need to be done or that need to be thought or solved日常工作事项

There are no excursions or sightseeing trips on his agenda. It?s just

work,work,work.他的日常工作事项中没有短途出行或观光,除了工作还是工作。

10 They take breaks from school, live with friends and often return to living with

their parents. (Para.4)

Meaning:They stop going to school for a while live with friends and often even return to living with their parents

Meaning beyond words:They obviously have more freedom than older generation. take a break from:rest for a short period of time when you stop doing sth.中断;暂停 She took a break from her work to make herself some coffee and then resumed a few minutes

later.她暂停了一会工作,给自己跑了一点咖啡,然后几分钟后继续工作。

11 Similarly, they fall in and out of love, quit one jib and try another or even shift to a

new career. (Para.4)

Meaning: Likewise they fall in and out of love, give up one job and try another, or change to a completely different profession.

Meaning beyond words: Before they finally settle down, college graduates need to accumulate life experiences-to discover themselves during their odyssey years. quit:v.(infml.)leave a job, school, etc, esp. Without completely finishing it 离开(工作岗位,学校等);离任,离校

The majority of smokers say that they would like to quit smoking.大多数的吸烟者说他们是想戒烟的。 shift:

V. move form one place or position to another or make sth. do this(使)移动;(使)转移(地点或位置)

The wind is expected to shift to the east tomorrow.预计明天会向东移。

n.[C] a change in the way people think about sth.,in the way sth. Is done,etc.(想法、做法等的)改变

The company reacted quickly to shifts in consumer demand.该公司对消费者需求的变化反应迅速。

12 So,we need to recognize the new stage,the odyssey years,which many now

consider to be an unavoidable stage in reaching adulthood.(Para.4)

Meaning:Therefore,it is necessary to recognized this unavoidable new stage, where young people explore life in order to reach adulthood.

13 People who were born prior to the 60s or 70s in the last century tended to frame

their concept of adulthood based upon achieving certain accomplishments: moving away from home, becoming financially independent, finding the right spouse and staring a family.(Para.5)

Meaning: People born before the 1960s or 1970s were likely to define the term adulthood according to certain accomplishments, such as moving away from home, having financial independence, and starting a family with a good husband or wife. prior:a.(fml.) happening, existing, or done before a particular time 先前的,之前的,事先的

Illegally parked cars may be removed at any time without prior notice.违章停放的车辆随时会被挪走,无需事先告知。 prior to sth.:(fml.) before sth.在某事之前,先于某事

Although his aunt was gravely ill with cancer, she didn?t suffer the weeks prior to her death.虽然他的姑姑患了癌症,病得很重,但他在去世前的几个星期并没有遭受痛苦。

tend to do sth.:usu. do a particular thing 倾向于;往往会,易于做某事 People tend to need less sleep as they get

older.随着年纪的增长,人们需要的睡眠会变少。 frame:

Vt.(fml.) carefully plan the way you?re going to ask a question, make a statement, etc.(小心措辞以)表达

She wondered how she was going to frame the question.她不知道怎么来提这个问题。

n.[C] a structure made of wood, metal, plastic, etc. that surrounds sth. such as a picture or window, and holds it in place框架,边框

The wind rattled through the cracks of the window frames.风穿过窗框的裂缝咯咯作响。

base upon/on:use sth. as the thing from which sth. is developed以。。。为基础;以...为根据

These are the key factors for being a successful speaker, and they are based on my pwn experience.这些是成为一名成功的演说家的关键因素是以我自己的经验为基础的。

spouse:n.[C](fml.) a husband or wife 配偶

People can never be too careful when they choose a

spouse.人们在选择配偶时要格外谨慎。

14 But that emphasis on stability did not remain static. Today, young people are

unlikely to do the same.(Para.5)

Meaning: However, stability didn?t stay the same forever since young people since young people today are doing things differently from their parents,

Meaning beyond words: Young people today are unlikely to behave the same way as was at one time considered as the norm: moving away from home, becoming

financially independent, finding the right spouse and starting a family right after they graduated from college.

stability:n.[U] a situation in which things happen as they should and there are no harmful changes稳固,稳定

In order to prosper, a country must have political economic and social

stability.为实现繁荣昌盛,一个国家必须在政治、经济和社会上保持稳定。 static:a, not moving,changing,or

developing不动的,不变化的,不发展的,静止的

Although oil prices never remain static, they have, at least, been stable for the last few months.虽然油价不会保持不变,但至少在过去的几个月是一直保持稳定的。

15 During the odyssey years, a high proportion of young people are delaying marriage,

child bearing, and even employment. (Para.5)

Meaning: Many young people postpone getting married, having children and taking a job during their odyssey years.

proportion:n.[C,usu.sing](~of) a part of number or amount, considered in relation to the whole部分;份额

It is a sad reality that children make up a large proportion of the world?s population who suffers from

hunger.儿童占世界上遭受饥饿人口的很大部分,这是一个悲哀的现实。

16 The odyssey years can saddle young people with enormous pressure to move

forward quickly.(Para.6)

Meaning:The odyssey years can make young people feel much stressed to move ahead quickly. saddle:

V. put a saddle on a horse给(马)装鞍具;装上马鞍 Why don?t we saddle a couple of horses and go for a ride?我们为什么不给几匹马装上鞍具去跑一圈呢? n[C] a seat,often made of leather, used on a

horse,bicycle,motorcycle,etc.马鞍;(自行车、摩托车等的)车座 When i watch horse racing on television, I wish I was back in the saddle.我在电视剧上观看赛马时,我希望自己又回到了马鞍上。 saddle sb. with sth.:give sb, sth, that is difficult to deal with 使某人承担苦差事;使某人负重担

The company is saddled with debt due to the consequence of an increased cost of