2019-2020学年 山东省滕州市第一中学 高二下学期第二次月考英语试题 (Word版)+听力 联系客服

发布时间 : 星期日 文章2019-2020学年 山东省滕州市第一中学 高二下学期第二次月考英语试题 (Word版)+听力更新完毕开始阅读a31bc674a12d7375a417866fb84ae45c3b35c22d

Lingbe? A.Read the latest news.

B. Enjoy the interactive games. C. Practice your spoken English.

D. Talk with native speakers in the flesh.

B

Some English words are made up of the same part and have different beginnings and different endings, such as import, export, report and transport. All these words, you can see, have the same “port”, which come from the Latin word, meaning “to carry” or “to move” from one place to another. And according to the bit at the beginning, which we call the prefix the meaning changes. “Import” means “to carry in” or “to bring into a country”, “export”,

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“ex” means “out of”, so this word means “to carry out of the country”, “re” means “back”, so the “report” means “to tell somebody, to bring back information to somebody”, “transport”, “trans” means “across” and it means “to carry across one place to another”.

Let’s look at the following words: supporter, reporter, importer and exporter. You can see that in this case these words are nouns which are made up of the verbs plus a suffix, thus meaning a person who completes the verb. So supporter means somebody who supports. A reporter is somebody who reports. Importer is somebody who imports and exporter is somebody who exports, and so on.

24. In the first sentence the word “part” means . A. different beginnings and different endings meanings

B. the same part that has several

C. the root of the word D. the same root that has different meanings 25. By adding a prefix or a suffix to a root, we can get a word which has A. the meaning of a Latin word B. a different meaning C. the meaning of “in” or “out of” D. a lot of meanings 26. We can get a noun

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B. by changing a prefix D. by adding a suffix to a verb

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A. just by adding “er” to verbs C. only by adding “er” to a root

27. According to the passage, if we talk about a man of refinement, you may guess that he must be . A. a man having good manners and education C. somebody having bad manners

C

You know you have to read “between the lines” to get the most out of anything. I want to persuade you to do something equally important in the course of your reading. I want to persuade you to “write between the lines”. Unless you do, you are not likely to do the most efficient kind of reading.

I insist, quite bluntly, that marking up a book is not an act of damage but of love. There are two ways in which one can own a book. The first is the property right you establish by paying for it, just as you pay for clothes and furniture. But this act of buying is only the first step to possession. Full ownership comes only when you have made it a part of yourself, and the best way to make yourself a part of it is by writing in it. A comparison may make the point clear. You buy a piece of beef and transfer it from the butcher’s icebox to your own. But you do not own the beef in the most important sense until you eat it and get it into your blood. I am arguing that books, too, must be absorbed in your blood to do you any good.

There are three kinds of book owners. The first has all the standard sets and bestsellers

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B. a person who should be educated

D. a person punished by somebody else

— unread, untouched. The second has a great many books — a few of them read through, most of them dipped into, but all of them as clean and shiny as the day they were bought. The third has a few books or many — every one of them worn, shaken and loosened by continual use, marked and scribbled(涂写) in from front to back.

Why is marking up a book necessary to reading it? First, it keeps you awake.(And I don’t mean only

conscious; I mean wide awake. ) In the second place, reading, if it is active, is thinking, and thinking tends to express itself in words, spoken or written. The marked book is usually the thought-through book. Finally, writing helps you remember the thoughts you had, or the thoughts the author expressed.

28. The third kind of owners of books must be A. experienced readers B. untidy readers readers 29. Marking up a book means .

A. writing down difficult sentences B. finding the extra meanings of unknown words C. writing in the space the ideas you get through careful reading D. making notes to show you understand what you have read 30. What does the author persuade you to mark?

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C. active readers

D. careless

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A. Whatever you have given deep thought to while reading. B. Words and sentences that bring up rich ideas. C. Primary questions that challenge you.

D. Whatever disagreements you may have with the book 31. A great advantage of marking up a book is A. to absorb all the brilliant ideas it contains B. to make yourself a part of it

C. to make yourself conscious that you are reading actively D. to enable yourself to pick up the book for continual reading

D

Scientists think that growing garden grass could be the secret to solving our energy needs, and we may soon be able to replace our gasoline with “grassoline”.

The team, including experts from Cardiff University in Wales, has shown that hydrogen can be taken from grass in useful amounts with the help of sunlight and a cheap catalyst—something that speeds up a chemical reaction without being used up.

It is the first time that this has been shown and it could lead to a sustainable way of making hydrogen, reported Asian News International. This could be an important kind of renewable energy because it is high in energy and it does not give out harmful gases when it is burned.

Study co-author Michael Bowker said, “This is really a green source of energy. Hydrogen is seen as an important future energy carrier as the world moves from fossil fuels to renewable energy, and our research has shown that even garden grass could be a good way of getting it.”

Cellulose ( 纤维素), which is a key part of plants and the biopolymer found in the largest numbers on the earth, could be a great source of hydrogen.

In their study, the team looked at the possibility of getting hydrogen from cellulose using sunlight and a simple catalyst.

This is called photocatalysis ( 光催化作用) and in it, the sunlight starts the catalyst, which then makes cellulose and water into hydrogen. The researchers studied the effectiveness of three metal-based catalysts, of which nickel ( 镍 ) especially interested the researchers, as it is a much more common metal than gold and palladium and it saves more money.

According to Bowker, producing hydrogen from cellulose using photocatalysis has not been studied in detail. The team's research shows that large amounts of hydrogen can be produced using this method with the help of a bit of sunlight and a cheap catalyst.

The study shows that it is effective to use real grass taken from a garden. “This is important as it avoids the need to separate and clean up cellulose, which can be both difficult

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