人教新课标英语选修7 Unit 4 Sharing Listening exercise 听力原文(文本素材) 联系客服

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高中英语讲义

Using Language

MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES

Jennifer (J) Wells is interviewing Dr Mary Murray (M), who works for Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). They use time expressions to talk about Mary’s life. Listen to the tape and number the expressions in the order you hear them. Listen again and fill in the blanks.

J: Good afternoon. I’m Jennifer Wells and today on “Making a Difference”. I’m going to talk to Dr Mary Murray who works for Médecins Sans Frontières. Welcome Mary. M: Thank you. Jennifer.

J: Now please tell me why do you decide to join MSF.

M: Well, while I was studying in Sydney during the 1980s, I got to know two Sudanese students and visited them in 1990. I became good friends with their families and decided to work in a health clinic in their country in 1992 for a couple of months. There I saw children with terrible diseases that could have been prevented. That’s why I decide to work in developing countries.

J: I see. So in 1997 you joined MSF and went to Malawi. What did you do there?

M: Actually in Malawi I was working with children affected with HIV/AIDS. It was heart-breaking. Children died because we didn’t have enough medicines. J: Oh, how sad!

M: Yes, but things gradually improved. Now there’s treatment for HIV, which is showing very good results.

J: That’s excellent news. Then, in 2001 you went back to the Sudan again. Let’s talk about your work there.

M: Well, the conditions were very challenging. It could be unbelievably hot – sometimes as hot as 56 degrees Celsius! But when the rains came, the roads became so muddy that we spent most of our time digging the car out. The clinics were just mud huts and the only tools I had were a stethoscope and my two hands. J: Goodness, a challenge indeed!

M: (laughing) True, but it’s amazing what you can do when you have no choice.

J: And how do you think these experiences over the last few years have affected you? M: Well, they make me grateful for what I have. I really enjoy my work because I feel I’m helping people who otherwise might not get help.

J: That’s great. Now, just before you go … what do you expect to be doing in the future?

M: Well, I’m returning to the Sudan in two weeks’ time for a further six months. Then I’m not sure. I hope to return to Africa again though.

J: Thank you, Dr Murray, and it’s been lovely talking to you. We wish you all the best with your work.

M: Thank you, Jennifer. Workbook-Listening SERVING COMMUNITIES

Jason, Mick and Annie are discussing how the school can serve communities outside the school.

J = Jason M = Mick A = Annie

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高中英语讲义

Listen again and fill in the blanks.

J: Have you two got any ideas what the CCC should do this year?

M: Yeah. What about sponsoring a child from a poor country? My parents do that through an organization called Plan International.

A: Mmm, I like the sound of that. What do you think, Jason? J: Yeah, I like Mick’s idea too. I’ll write it down. Any more ideas?

A: Well, I looked on the Internet and came across The Fred Hollows Foundation. J: What’s that, Annie?

A: It’s an organization that helps blind people in developing countries get their sight back.

J: That sounds good too. M: Yes, I like it as well. A: Great!

M: But what about supporting a couple of local charities as well? J: You mean like The Cancer Council?

M: Yes. That’s OK by me. What about you, Annie?

A: Fine. The Cancer Council always needs money for research.

M: What about this one? I’ve heard of something called Youth in the City, which helps young adults get their Year 10 certificate. J: Why do they need help?

M: These are young people who can’t finish high school. The money will help finish their education.

A: I think that’s a great idea. Now, how are we going to raise the money? M: Well, we could run some competitions at lunchtimes, say, in Term 1 …

A: (interrupts) … and we could have a concert or movie night in Term 2 and a basketball match in Term 3.

J: Or we could have a personal challenge – you know, like getting someone to sponsor you for walking 25 kilometres. M: Well, we can think about that later.

A: Ok, but I think we’ve also got to talk about giving our time and not just our money. J: Absolutely. I think we should definitely continue serving soup to homeless people on Fridays …

M: (interrupts) … and visiting old people and children in hospital every week.

A: What I’d really like to do is something for the environment – like tree planting or cleaning up rubbish.

M: Well, we can’t do everything. Let’s meet after school to discuss this further. OK? J & A: Ok.

Workbook-Listening Task

THE FRED HOLLOWS FOUNDATION

Annie, a member of the Community Care Committee, is talking to students in her school about the Fred Hollows Foundation. Listen again and fill in the blanks.

Did you know that every five seconds somebody in the world goes blind? That’s about 45 million people. And what is worse is that about half of them do not need to

只要坚持 梦想总能实现

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高中英语讲义

be blind at all.

Do you know what cataracts are? It’s when the lens of eye becomes more and more cloudy until eventually you can’t see anything. That sounds bad but the treatment is simple. The cataracts can be removed and replaced by a special perspex lens. This simple operation lasts about 20 minutes and by the next day the patient can see again. So it’s not really a problem in rich countries. However, in developing countries the effects are terrible. Because blind people can no longer work or look after themselves, they cannot earn the money to pay for the operation. So they have no chance of seeing again.

One of the people who wanted to help these poor people was an Australian eye doctor called Fred Hollows. He believed that the operation was too expensive and that everybody had the right to see. So in 1985 he determined to find a way to reduce costs. First, he trained doctors in Nepal, Vietnam and Eritrea, so that they could perform eye operations. Second, in 1992 he started the Fred Hollows Foundation and raised enough money to build two laboratories to make cheap perspex lenses. One opened in Eritrea and one in Nepal in 1994, a year after his death in 1993. These laboratories meant that the lenses could be produced much more cheaply. They are now sold to over 50 countries. The Fred Hollows Foundation has worked to prevent blindness in more than 29 countries. It has trained over 750 local eye doctors. In 2003 one of these doctors trained by the Foundation put in the one millionth Fred Hollows perspex lens.

Fred Hollows spent his life in the service of others and believed that action was the answer to human unhappiness. I think we are very lucky to be able to see and that we have a duty to help others see too! Thank you.

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